[0801.4185] Polarization analysis of gravitational-wave backgrounds from the correlation signals of ground-based interferometers: measuring a circular-polarization mode

Authors: Naoki Seto, Atsushi Taruya

Date: 28 Jan 2008

Abstract: The Stokes V parameter characterizes asymmetry of amplitudes between right- and left-handed waves, and non-vanishing value of the V parameter yields a circularly polarized signal. Cosmologically, V parameter may be a direct probe for parity violation in the universe. In this paper, we theoretically investigate a measurement of this parameter, particularly focusing on the gravitational-wave backgrounds observed via ground-based interferometers. In contrast to the traditional analysis that only considers the total amplitude (or equivalently $\Omega_{GW}$), the signal analysis including a circular-polarized mode has a rich structure due to the multi-dimensionality of target parameters. We show that, by using the network of next-generation detectors, separation between polarized and unpolarized modes can be performed with small statistical loss induced by their correlation.

abs pdf

Jan 31, 2008

0801.4185 (/preprints)
2008-01-31, 10:11 [edit]


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