[0903.4686] Gravitational Waves from Broken Cosmic Strings: The Bursts and the Beads

Authors: Louis Leblond, Benjamin Shlaer, Xavier Siemens

Date: 27 Mar 2009

Abstract: We analyze the gravitational wave signatures of a network of metastable cosmic strings. We consider the case of cosmic string instability to breakage, with no primordial population of monopoles. This scenario is well motivated from GUT and string theoretic models with an inflationary phase below the GUT/string scale. The network initially evolves according to a scaling solution, but with breakage events resulting from confined monopoles (beads) being pair produced and accelerated apart. We find these ultra-relativistic beads to be a potent source of gravitational waves bursts, detectable by Initial LIGO, Advanced LIGO, and LISA. Indeed, Advanced LIGO could observe bursts from strings with tensions as low as $G\mu \sim 10ˆ{-12}$. In addition, we find that ultra-relativistic beads produce a scale-invariant stochastic background detectable by LIGO, LISA, and pulsar timing experiments. The stochastic background is scale invariant up to Planckian frequencies. This phenomenology provides new constraints and signatures of cosmic strings that disappear long before the present day.

abs pdf

Apr 03, 2009

0903.4686 (/preprints)
2009-04-03, 14:22 [edit]

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