Author: Eric Poisson
Date: 5 Jul 2009
Abstract: The tidal interaction of a (rotating or nonrotating) black hole with nearby bodies produces changes in its mass, angular momentum, and surface area. Similarly, tidal forces acting on a Newtonian, viscous body do work on the body, change its angular momentum, and part of the transferred gravitational energy is dissipated into heat. The equations that describe the rate of change of the black-hole mass, angular momentum, and surface area as a result of the tidal interaction are compared with the equations that describe how the tidal forces do work, torque, and produce heat in the Newtonian body. The equations are strikingly similar, and unexpectedly, the correspondence between the Newtonian-body and black-hole results is revealed to hold in near-quantitative detail. The correspondence involves the combination k_2 \tau of ‘Love quantities’ that incorporate the details of the body's internal structure; k_2 is the tidal Love number, and \tau is the viscosity-produced delay between the action of the tidal forces and the body's reaction. The combination k_2 \tau is of order GM/cˆ3 for a black hole of mass M; it does not vanish, in spite of the fact that k_2 is known to vanish individually for a nonrotating black hole.
© M. Vallisneri 2012 — last modified on 2010/01/29
Tantum in modicis, quantum in maximis