Authors: Antoine Klein, Philippe Jetzer, Mauro Sereno
Date: 20 Jul 2009
Abstract: With one exception, previous analyses of the measurement accuracy of gravitational wave experiments for comparable-mass binary systems have neglected either spin-precession effects or subdominant harmonics and amplitude modulations. Here we give the first explicit description of how these effects combine to improve parameter estimation. We consider supermassive black hole binaries as expected to be observed with the planned space-based interferometer LISA, and study the measurement accuracy for several astrophysically interesting parameters obtainable taking into account the full 2PN waveform for spinning bodies, as well as spin-precession effects. We find that for binaries with a total mass in the range 10ˆ5 M_Sun < M < 10ˆ7 M_Sun at a redshift of 1, a factor ~1.5 is in general gained in accuracy, with the notable exception of the determination of the individual masses in equal-mass systems, for which a factor ~5 can be gained. We also find, as could be expected, that using the full waveform helps increasing the upper mass limit for detection, which can be as high as M = 10ˆ8 M_Sun at a redshift of 1, as well as the redshift limit where some information can be extracted from a system, which is roughly z = 10 for M < 10ˆ7 M_Sun, 1.5-5 times higher than with the restricted waveform. We computed that the full waveform allows to use supermassive black hole binaries as standard sirens up to a redshift of z = 1.6, about 0.4 larger than what previous studies allowed. We found that for lower unequal-mass binary systems, the measurement accuracy is not as drastically improved as for other systems. This suggests that for these systems, adding parameters such as eccentricity or alternative gravity parameters could be achieved without much loss in the accuracy.
© M. Vallisneri 2012 — last modified on 2010/01/29
Tantum in modicis, quantum in maximis