**Authors**: Luca Lusanna (INFN)

**Date**: 25 Jun 2010

**Abstract**: In special and general relativity the synchronization convention of distant clocks may be simulated with a mathematical definition of global non-inertial frames (the only ones existing in general relativity due to the equivalence principle) with well-defined instantaneous 3-spaces. For asymptotically Minkowskian Einstein space-times this procedure can be used at the Hamiltonian level in the York canonical basis, where it is possible for the first time to disentangle tidal gravitational degrees of freedom from gauge inertial ones. The most important inertial effect connected with clock synchronization is the York time {}ˆ3K(\tau, \sigmaˆr), not existing in Newton gravity. This fact opens the possibility to describe some aspects of {\it darkness} as a relativistic inertial effect in Einstein gravity by means of a Post-Minkowskian reformulation of the Celestial Reference System ICRS.

1006.4973
(/preprints)

2010-06-30, 00:24
**[edit]**

© M. Vallisneri 2012 — last modified on 2010/01/29

*Tantum in modicis, quantum in maximis*