[1007.2797] Critical Phenomena in Neutron Stars II: Head-on Collisions

Authors: Thorsten Kellermann, Luciano Rezzolla, David Radice

Date: 16 Jul 2010

Abstract: We consider the head-on collision of equal-mass neutron stars boosted towards each other and we study the behavior of such systems near the threshold of black-hole formation. In particular, we confirm the previous findings by [1] that a type-I critical phenomenon can be observed by fine-tuning the initial mass of the two neutron stars. At the same time, we argue against the interpretation that the critical solution is not a perturbed spherical star and show instead that the metastable star corresponds to a (perturbed) equilibrium solution on the unstable branch of the equilibrium configurations. As a result, the head-on collision of two neutron stars near the critical threshold can be seen as a transition in the space of configurations from an initial stable solution over to a critical metastable one which can either migrate to a stable solution or collapse to a black hole. The critical exponent for this process shows a fine structure which was already observed in the case of the critical collapse of scalar fields but never before for perfect fluids.

abs pdf

Jul 19, 2010

1007.2797 (/preprints)
2010-07-19, 00:35 [edit]


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