[1111.5378] The First Law of Binary Black Hole Mechanics in General Relativity and Post-Newtonian Theory

Authors: Alexandre Le Tiec, Luc Blanchet, Bernard F. Whiting

Date: 23 Nov 2011

Abstract: First laws of black hole mechanics, or thermodynamics, come in a variety of different forms. In this paper, from a purely post-Newtonian (PN) analysis, we obtain a first law for binary systems of point masses moving along an exactly circular orbit. Our calculation is valid through 3PN order and includes, in addition, the contributions of logarithmic terms at 4PN and 5PN orders. This first law of binary point-particle mechanics is then derived from first principles in general relativity, and analogies are drawn with the single and binary black hole cases. Some consequences of the first law are explored for PN spacetimes. As one such consequence, a simple relation between the PN binding energy of the binary system and Detweiler's redshift observable is established. Through it, we are able to determine with high precision the numerical values of some previously unknown high order PN coefficients in the circular-orbit binding energy. Finally, we propose new gauge invariant notions for the energy and angular momentum of a particle in a binary system.

abs pdf

Nov 23, 2011

1111.5378 (/preprints)
2011-11-23, 23:40 [edit]

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