[1210.6674] General-Relativistic Simulations of Three-Dimensional Core-Collapse Supernovae

Authors: C. D. Ott (1), E. Abdikamalov (1), P. Moesta (1), R. Haas (1), S. Drasco (1,2), E. O'Connor (3), C. Reisswig (1), C. Meakin (4), E. Schnetter (5) ((1) TAPIR, Caltech, (2) Grinnell College, (3) CITA, (4) Theoretical Division, LANL, (5) Perimeter Institute)

Date: 24 Oct 2012

Abstract: We study the three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamics of the post-core-bounce phase of the collapse of a 27 solar-mass star and pay special attention to the development of the standing accretion shock instability (SASI) and neutrino-driven convection. To this end, we perform 3D general-relativistic simulations with a 3-species neutrino leakage scheme with neutrino heating. Unlike "light-bulb" heating/cooling schemes, the leakage scheme captures the essential aspects of neutrino cooling, heating, and lepton number exchange as predicted by radiation-hydrodynamics simulations. The 27 solar-mass progenitor was studied in 2D by B. Mueller et al. (2012; arXiv:1205.7078), who observed strong growth of the SASI while neutrino-driven convection was suppressed. In our 3D simulations, neutrino-driven convection grows from numerical perturbations imposed by our Cartesian grid. It becomes the dominant instability and leads to large-scale non-oscillatory deformations of the shock front. These will result in strongly aspherical explosions without the need for large-scale SASI shock oscillations. Low-l-mode SASI oscillations are present in our models, but saturate at small amplitudes that decrease with increasing neutrino heating and vigor of convection. Our results suggest that once neutrino-driven convection is started, it is likely to become the dominant instability in 3D. Whether it is the primary instability after bounce will ultimately depend on the physical seed perturbations present in the cores of massive stars. The gravitational wave signal, which we extract and analyze for the first time from 3D general-relativistic models, will serve as an observational probe of the postbounce dynamics and, in combination with neutrinos, may allow us to determine the primary hydrodynamic instability.

abs pdf

Oct 26, 2012

1210.6674 (/preprints)
2012-10-26, 08:30 [edit]

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